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Appalachian Coal Mining Towns



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Coal is the official state mineral of Kentucky.


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About: Appalachian Coal Mining Towns


looks like a stephen king movie.......
Depressing
Wow, so much history. America and the rest of the world is really changing!
what's even more sad and important was the Trail of Tears, you people always leave out real history.
Trump country!
So sad. I was close to tears. Wish the towns were still up and running so that the building go down with decay.
Fab video , almost haunting with tales and spirits ,, Surprised that Donald J ha-sent looked @ smokeless fuel - used in a lot of countries to great effect , and potentially a great employer - maybe in his next term plans .
Any of this in Preston County WV?
Cause of the stupid dems. I lived back there until they stop mining
Haunting and sad! Alot of people living and raising their families! Coal was King!
Maybe it will come to life again, with modern tecnology it might be a good idea.
I grew up visiting Appalachia twice a yr staying on Main Street with a clear view of the 6 track crossing by City Hall. Loved watching the NWs and L& N’s go by and walk the tracks either towards to mine or to Norton. Now it’s changed so much with the Westmoreland mine having relocated. Appalachia and Norton are not the same.
Please tell me what music this is!
I live in Kentucky, this video is really fantastic , the music fits it very well.
I love this video. I wish you had included the names of towns. Where any of these locations in Indiana County, PA.?
I live in Kentucky. I still see loads of coal piled up here. They are still mining it. but these photos are very interesting, sad and beautiful. nice music with it.
This fake phony lying ass movement pertaining to wind & has been growing for decades to replace hydrocarbons, which collectively supply 84% of the world’s energy. It began with the fear that we were running out of oil. That fear has since migrated to the belief that, because of climate change and other environmental concerns, society can no longer tolerate burning oil, natural gas, and coal—all of which have turned out to be abundant.


So far, wind, solar, and batteries—the favored alternatives to hydrocarbons—provide about 2% of the world’s energy and 3% of America’s. Nonetheless, a bold new claim has gained popularity: that we’re on the cusp of a tech-driven energy revolution that not only can, but inevitably will, rapidly replace all hydrocarbons.


This “new energy economy” rests on the belief—a centerpiece of the Green New Deal and other similar proposals both here and in Europe—that the technologies of wind and solar power and battery storage are undergoing the kind of disruption experienced in computing and communications, dramatically lowering costs and increasing efficiency. But this core analogy glosses over profound differences, grounded in physics, between systems that produce energy and those that produce information.

In the world of people, cars, planes, and factories, increases in consumption, speed, or carrying capacity cause hardware to expand, not shrink. The energy needed to move a ton of people, heat a ton of steel or silicon, or grow a ton of food is determined by properties of nature whose boundaries are set by laws of gravity, inertia, friction, mass, and thermodynamics—not clever software.


This paper highlights the physics of energy to illustrate why there is no possibility that the world is undergoing—or can undergo—a near-term transition to a “new energy economy.”


Among the reasons:
Scientists have yet to discover, and entrepreneurs have yet to invent, anything as remarkable as hydrocarbons in terms of the combination of low-cost, high-energy density, stability, safety, and portability.


In practical terms, this means that spending $1 million on utility-scale wind turbines, or solar panels will each, over 30 years of operation, produce about 50 million kilowatt-hours (kWh)—while an equivalent $1 million spent on a shale rig produces enough natural gas over 30 years to generate over 300 million kWh.


Solar technologies have improved greatly and will continue to become cheaper and more efficient. But the era of 10-fold gains is over. The physics boundary for silicon photovoltaic (PV) cells, the Shockley-Queisser Limit, is a maximum conversion of 34% of photons into electrons; the best commercial PV technology today exceeds 26%.

Wind power technology has also improved greatly, but here, too, no 10-fold gains are left. The physics boundary for a wind turbine, the Betz Limit, is a maximum capture of 60% of kinetic energy in moving air; commercial turbines today exceed 40%.

The annual output of Tesla’s Gigafactory, the world’s largest battery factory, could store three minutes’ worth of annual U.S. electricity demand. It would require 1,000 years of production to make enough batteries for two days’ worth of U.S. electricity demand. Meanwhile, 50–100 pounds of materials are mined, moved, and processed for every pound of battery produced.
To be sure, history shows that grand energy transitions are possible. The key question today is whether the world is on the cusp of another.



The short answer is no. There are two core flaws with the thesis that the world can soon abandon hydrocarbons. The first: physics realities do not allow energy domains to undergo the kind of revolutionary change experienced on the digital frontiers. The second: no fundamentally new energy technology has been discovered or invented in nearly a century—certainly, nothing analogous to the invention of the transistor or the Internet.



Before these flaws are explained, it is best to understand the contours of today’s hydrocarbon-based energy economy and why replacing it would be a monumental, if not an impossible, undertaking.


To completely replace hydrocarbons over the next 20 years, global renewable energy production would have to increase by at least 90-fold.6 For context: it took a half-century for global oil and gas production to expand by 10-fold.7 It is a fantasy to think, costs aside, that any new form of energy infrastructure could now expand nine times more than that in under half the time.


If the initial goal were more modest—say, to replace hydrocarbons only in the U.S. and only those used in electricity generation—the project would require an industrial effort greater than a World War II–level of mobilization.8 A transition to 100% non-hydrocarbon electricity by 2050 would require a U.S. grid construc- tion program 14-fold bigger than the grid build-out rate that has taken place over the past half-century.9



Then, to finish the transformation, this Promethean effort would need to be more than doubled to tackle nonelectric sectors, where 70% of U.S. hydrocarbons are consumed. And all that would affect a mere 16% of world energy use, America’s share.
I have family in east Tennessee and have been through many of the coal towns in West Virginia when I was a child. It's very sad to see how "progress" has killed many of the small towns all over America but especially in Appalachia.
The. Drugs. Are. Every ,where not just here popcorn. Was a. Cool. Dude. Proud. To. Be from the. Mountains
Did anyone else think of Tennessee Ernie Ford? It took me forever to find out what he meant about the 'company store'. It's something none of us should ever forget along with Mother Mary Harris.


Coal stock


Coal is extracted from the ground by coal mining, either underground by shaft mining, or at ground level by open pit mining extraction.

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Coal is primarily used as a solid fuel to produce electricity and heat through combustion. World coal consumption was about 7.25 billion tonnes in 2010 The price of coal increased from around $30.00 per short ton in 2000 to around $150.00 per short ton as of September 2008. In early 2015, it was trading near $56/ton.